Discovering what life is about

Maslow s hierarchy of needs

Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation,[1] which he subsequently extended to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity.

Maslow studied, what he called, exemplary people such as Albert Einstein, Jane Addams, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Frederick Douglass rather than mentally ill or neurotic people, writing that "the study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy."[2] Maslow also studied the healthiest one percent of the college student population. In his book, The Farther Reaches of Human Nature, Maslow writes, "By ordinary standards of this kind of laboratory research... this simply was not research at all. My generalizations grew out of my selection of certain kinds of people. Obviously, other judges are needed."[3]


Representations

Maslow s hierarchy of needs This diagram shows Maslow's hierarchy of needs, represented as a pyramid with the more primitive needs at the bottom.[4]Maslow's hierarchy of needs is often depicted as a pyramid consisting of five levels: the four lower levels are grouped together as being associated with Physiological needs, while the top level is termed growth needs associated with psychological needs. Deficiency needs must be met first. Once these are met, seeking to satisfy growth needs drives personal growth. The higher needs in this hierarchy only come into focus when the lower needs in the pyramid are satisfied. Once an individual has moved upwards to the next level, needs in the lower level will no longer be prioritized. If a lower set of needs is no longer being met, the individual will temporarily re-prioritize those needs by focusing attention on the unfulfilled needs, but will not permanently regress to the lower level. For instance, a businessman at the esteem level who is diagnosed with cancer will spend a great deal of time concentrating on his health (physiological needs), but will continue to value his work performance (esteem needs) and will likely return to work during periods of remission.

 

 

 








Maslow s hierarchy of needs

While not all of these needs can be explicitly bought with money, it's not too much of a stretch to see the relationship between this triangle and finances. We usually worry about paying for rent and food first before worrying about giving to charity or that long distance telephone bill.

 

 

The new levels:

Survival income. How much do you spend simply to survive?
What-if income. You will want to protect your life. This could mean health care costs, health insurance, and/or proper portfolio planning so you don't outlive your money.
Freedom income. Money needed to do the things that bring joy and fulfillment to your life. Could be travel, education, or fine wine.
Gift income. Money for people and causes that deserve your help. This is the replacement for "love".
Dream income. This is the elusive "self-actualization" level where you find true happiness and meaning.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ref : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maslow\

 

Ref : http://www.mymoneyblog.com/archives/2008/09/combining-maslows-hierarchy-of-needs-personal-finance.html

 

 




Maslow s hierarchy of needs Maslow - a Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow has a theory of motivation based on needs that people have. He arranged them in order of importance; that is, he believes you must fulfill the lower needs before achieving a higher one. If you achieve something near the top first, happiness will not last; but if you climb up the pyramid of needs, you will achieve great satisfaction with life (Maslow 1954).
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

The first needs are the basic needs; biological needs such as food, shelter, etc. that we need in order to stay alive. Once these needs have been fulfilled, we need to meet our safety needs. Notice that safety does not have to do with danger; safety needs are actual feelings of comfort, knowing that we are in control of our actions and so on. The next level consists of psychological needs. First is the belonging need, or having a role in any ingroup. The second psychological need is esteem. Esteem, in addition to belonging, requires that your role in the ingroup is a positive one, and that people like and respect you.

Sometimes referred to as the highest level, self-actualization is when you have satisfied all of these other requirements and bring them all together to figure out who you are, knowing that you have strong beliefs, values, morals, and confidence. Finally, there is the peak experience. This is similar to Csiksentmihalyi's idea of flow (discussed in the following section). When you have a peak experience, everything is in place and all of your focus is on one enjoyable activity. A good example of this is an artist who gets caught up in painting something.

 

 

 

Ref : http://www.mtholyoke.edu/~mlyount/MySites/ForensicPsychology/Theories.html

 


 

Maslow s hierarchy of needs A Life Well-Lived: a Guide to Self-Actualisation

Many of us are pursuing activities that directly or indirectly we hope will take us to new levels of fulfilment. But how can we set ourselves up to achieve fulfilment in our chosen field, and in our lives generally?

Fulfilment might also be called Self-Actualisation or expressing one’s full potential. According to Abraham Maslow it is intrinsic growth of what is already in the organism, or more accurately, of what the organism is. (Maslow was an American psychologist whose theories have been influential in 20th century thought.)

Maslow believed we have a hierarchy of needs, beginning with (a) basic needs for food, shelter, then (b) needs for safety and security, (c) needs for love and belonging, (d) the need for self esteem, and (e) the need for self-actualisation. We cannot meet the higher-order needs until the lower ones are met. A hungry or fearful person will not recognise yet their need for self actualisation.

How do we characterise Self-Actualised (SA) people?
+ Generally they are realistically oriented with an efficient perception of reality extending into all areas of their life. SA persons are unthreatened and unfrightened by the unknown. They usually have a superior ability to reason, to see the truth.

+ SA people accept themselves, others and the natural world the way they are. Sees human nature as is, have rid themselves of crippling guilt or shame, enjoy themselves without regret or apology, and have no unnecessary inhibitions.

+ Spontaneous in their inner life, thoughts and impulses, SA people are unhampered by convention. Their ethics is autonomous, they are individuals, and are motivated towards continual improvement.

+ Focus on problems outside themselves. SA people tend to have a mission in life requiring much energy, and their mission is their reason for existence. They are usually serene and worry-free as they pursue their mission with unshakeable determination.

+ Detachment, the need for privacy. Alone but not lonely, unflappable, retain dignity amid confusion and personal misfortunes, objective. SA people are self starters, responsible for themselves, own their behaviour.

+ Autonomous, independent of culture and environment. SA's rely on inner self for satisfaction. Resilient and stable in the face of hard knocks, they are self contained, independent from love and respect of others.

+ Freshness of appreciation. Have a fresh rather than stereotyped appreciation of people and things. Moment to moment living is thrilling, transcending and spiritual. SA’s live the present moment to the fullest.

+ Peak experiences. "Feelings of limitless horizons opening up to the vision, the feeling of being simultaneously more powerful and also more helpless than one ever was before, the feeling of ecstasy and wonder and awe, the loss of placement in time and space with, finally, the conviction that something extremely important and valuable had happened, so that the subject was to some extent transformed and strengthened even in his daily life by such experiences." Abraham Maslow. Click here for an example from my own experience.

Eight Ways To Self Actualize

Work towards meeting and satisfying the lower-order needs (food, shelter, then safety and security, then love and belonging, and then self esteem). Once you have done this, and I acknowledge that it may be difficult and time-consuming, you will be able to make progress with the following:
1. Experience things fully, vividly, selflessly. Throw yourself into the experiencing of something: concentrate on it fully, let it totally absorb you.
2. Life is a moment-by-moment choice between safety (out of fear and need for defence) and risk (for the sake of progress and growth): Consciously make the growth choice many times a day.
3. Let your true self emerge. Try to go beyond socially-defined modes of thinking and feeling, let your inner experience tell you what you truly feel.
4. When in doubt, be honest. It may take some courage, but look honestly at yourself and take responsibility for who you are and what happens to you. Self-delusion is the enemy of self-actualisation.
5. Listen to your own tastes. Be prepared to be unpopular if necessary.
6. Use your intelligence, work to do well the things you want to do, no matter how insignificant they seem.
7. Make peak experiencing more likely: get rid of illusions and false notions. Learn what you are good at and conversely what you are not good at.
8. Know thyself. Who are you, what are you, what is good and what is bad for you, where you are going, what is your mission? Opening yourself up to yourself in this way means recognising one’s defences--and then finding the courage to give them up.

 

 

Ref : http://hobbit.ict.griffith.edu.au/~davidt/self-actualisation.htm


Maslow s hierarchy of needs



Maslow s hierarchy of needs

 


Maslow s hierarchy of needs

Maslow s hierarchy of needs

Maslow s hierarchy of needs




Maslow s hierarchy of needs


Maslow s hierarchy of needs

Maslow s hierarchy of needs


Maslow s hierarchy of needs



Maslow s hierarchy of needs

 

Maslow s hierarchy of needs

 

Maslow s hierarchy of needs

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Categories : Life purpose    Themes : Psychology Goal Wisdom
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